Is Hello Kitty Just a Kids’ Franchise

The world got to see Hello Kitty for the first time on a small coin purse, this was back in 1974 when Sanrio, the company that created Hello Kitty, released

Hello Kitty’s Augmented Reality Debut

Anyone who does not live under a rock has heard about Hello Kitty, an iconic Japanese character who is loved all across the world. Pretty much everyone readily agrees that

Hello Kitty Becomes YouTube’s Latest Vlogger

Vlogging on YouTube has become a really big thing now, so much that the YouTube market has become insanely competitive and Vloggers have to fight tooth and nail in order

What to Keep in Mind When Buying Real Estate

Buying real estate is certainly a good idea, whether you are buying it for personal use, or for investing in the future. It is good because, in the future, the value of the property that you have purchased can go really high, however, you must also know the risks, so it is better if to have the proper information before you go ahead with the investment process.

In this article, however, we are going to be focusing on some of the things that you should keep in mind when buying real estate. You could be looking at any form of real estates like Y S Condos, or a ranch, or a house. These things will be helpful to you and aid you in making the most out of your money.

Make Sure You Know The Market

The first thing would be to know the market itself. Unless you are aware of how the market is working, you will never be able to make a proper investment. Knowing the market itself is a rather easy process, you just have to ask those who have been an active investor, and that will surely easy things for you. Just make sure that you are being careful and there are no other issues in the way because it can be a problematic situation for you.

Start Slowly

No one is asking you to invest millions right away. Whenever you are thinking of investing, the goal is to start slowly. This will help you get the most out of your money, and you will not have to go through the process of a huge loss should that becomes a reality. That is why starting slowly is always the right thing to do.

Causes of Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol addiction keeps growing each day and its effects, as we know, can be dire. But a recurring question still remains to be unanswered for many: How does alcohol abuse start? The answer to this is not as simple as most people perceive it to be. In hindsight, alcohol addition starts like every other addition, i.e. baby steps which contribute to a much larger effect.

The reasons for alcohol addiction are complex: not just one-factor results into it but in fact, genetics, environmental, social and psychological factors all play a huge role. As we all know, the first step to alcohol treatment is awareness, thus, today let’s take a look at some of the major causes of alcohol addiction observed.

Stress Relieving Tool

Alcohol helps relieve stress and thus, there are so many people who tend to go towards heavy drinking after a long and stressful day. This leads to an increased probability of them depending on alcohol to relieve their stress instead of other more healthy coping tactics.

Early Age Indulgence

People who start drinking from an early age develop a habit for it. Moreover, with extreme drinking, their tolerance increases as well, leading some of them to be heavy drinkers later in life.

Mental Illnesses

Mental illnesses like depression and anxiety lead the person to feel like they have no control. In order to cope with the stress that comes along with their illness, many people opt to seek the temporary comfort that alcohol provides. This can lead to an increased dependency followed by alcohol addiction.

Environment And Family History

According to the Nature view, the risk of alcoholism increases if a family member is addicted due to genetics, while Nurture view entails that the risk of alcoholism increases due to imitation and environment.

Things You Should Consider When You Want to Invest in The Real Estate Market

The real estate market is definitely a tempting one with so many options available, and so many opportunities to make a good amount of money. However, the thing about this market is that it is quite unstable, and that results in people not being sure whether they are going to get any benefits out of the market or not.

That is why there are a few things that one must consider before going ahead. If you feel like playing safe, you can do that by simply going for Azura Condos North York. However, if you really want to keep things going, then there are some things that you must consider; these are only there to make your overall experience better.

Below, you will find some things that you should consider when you want to invest in the real estate.

 Is It Going to Be Long Term

The first thing that you should consider is whether the venture of yours is going to be long-term or short term. The reason behind that is rather simple. That way, you will be able to tell that you are going to spend a good amount of money, and you can plan properly as well.

Should I Enter The Market Right Now

Another thing that I would suggest you consider is whether you are planning to enter the market right now, or you will be doing that after a while. This is important because that way, you will know that the state of the market is good, or not since, you will be doing the appropriate amount of research for it as well.

This is great, and there is no other way around it.

Fly Fishing: Why It Works For a Bigger Catch

Fishing can be a great leisure activity. In fact, a lot of people find peace in the entire process of casting a line and then waiting. For some people, the waiting is part of the fun, and whatever they catch is just an additional award. Now, if you are still new to fishing, you might be struggling to catch bigger fishes. They get away a lot quicker, and a lot of times they don’t even take the bait quite literally.

This is probably because you are using live bait, and while using live bait is still an important aspect of fishing and is still used by a lot of fishers, there is now another fishing technique that rivals live bait fishing, and this is known as fly fishing.

Fly fishing involves using a fake “fly” to bait the fish into biting it. Basically, you create your own bait in a manner that mimics an insect because a lot of fishes happen to feed on insects, especially bigger fishes. Then, with the help of a special weighted line, you cast the fly bait into the water and the line makes the fly bait to move in a manner that mimics an actual insect, and this ends up tricking fishes into thinking it is an actual insect, so they take the bait and ultimately end up luring bigger fishes. If you want to learn more about fly fishing and how it is done or other people’s experience with fly fishing, then you can check out this website and whatever they have to offer.

Fly fishing is considered to be revolutionary and is now a fishing technique that is being adopted by amateurs and professional fishes as well, so really, if you are going to fish, might as well get a big catch out of the experience.

Tips on How to Get The Most Out of Your Career Counseling Sessions

If you are someone who has been lately very confused about what you want to do in life in terms of career paths and despite a lot of introspection you haven’t been able to come to a solid conclusion then it is about time that you start involving a professional in making this important decision of your life. The professionals who deal with such kind of people on a daily basis are known as a career counselors. Although they can advise you on the possible career options you can select from, do keep in mind that they do not have a magic wand that can magically make your confusion disappear, but they will be able to give you practical solutions and advice that may make it easier for you to make these decision.

So while you are signing up for a career counselor make sure that you get the most out of your career counseling sessions because they are a bit on the expensive side most of the time. There are a couple of good ones you can find at careers by design. Having said that, following are a few tips that will help you in getting the most out of your career counseling sessions, check them out below.

Make Sure to Go in With Realistic Expectations

While you are walking into a career counseling sessions, make sure that you go in with very realistic expectations. They are not going to magically make your career related conflicts and problems disappear but they will be giving you helpful advice that can potentially help you in reaching a conclusion.

Actively Take Part

While you are in the session, make sure to actively participate in the conversation. Do not let it be a one sided conversation or be on the listening end. Discuss everything in depth so that you can gain clarity and find a way out of your situation.

Waste Management – An Important Task

Waste management is an important task in our society. With the increase in materials like plastic and paper, waste has been increased too. In old times, people used to busy their waste into the ground, polluting the land and the nutrients taken by that soil. But with the increase in the trash, the method of burial of waste is not useful anymore. Waste management plays a vital role in our lives as many lives, and health is dependent on it. One of the biggest reason for waste collection is to secure the environment and turning it into a healthy place to breathe and live in.

Waste material and garbage and contaminate the water and air. Decaying waste is additionally known to deliver unsafe gases that blend into the oxygen in our atmosphere causing issues in the lungs of individuals, making it hard to breathe. Upon checking the lands you can see the harm that can be caused by junk and waste whenever thrown out in the open. According to an article by GreenActionCentre Canada Current waste administration, experts put rubbish in lined gaps and use microorganisms to help encourage its fast deterioration in order to keep this issue in check. Spoiling rubbish and waste exudes harmful gases, and smell which can cause sickness among individuals that come near it. It can likewise be a hotspot for waterborne maladies, for example, cholera and stomach conditions and uneasiness. The job of waste transfer organizations is vital, as the water should be kept safe because it goes directly into the body upon drinking. The water bodies should be the top priority of organizations to keep safe as people can get deadly diseases through the use of contaminated water. The best way to manage waste is to recycle it and to keep it in separate lands not inhabited by people.

The Origin of Balustrades

Balustrades have been a part of our lives since a long time, they previously showed up between the thirteenth and seventh centuries BC and can be found in old bas-reliefs, sculptural wall paintings portraying Assyrian royal residences. Balustrades have always provided a royal feeling to houses, with their unique designs. The balustrade comprises of a few balusters dispersed equally and associated together to frame an embellishing railing upheld by baluster posts. At the end of the day, a baluster is a solitary post, balusters are a few of those posts, and a balustrade is those posts combined as a unit. A balustrade is a name for that railing on an overhang, patio or porch. It very well may be inside or outside.

The Ancient Balustrades of China

The designs of Chinese balustrades were ahead of their time and are very noteworthy for their basic purposes. The balustrades’ paint was connected to keep the material from rotting; rooftops highlighted noticeable shades to shield the working from rain, and porches were worked to help whatever is left of the building. All of the labor in putting such balustrades was a handful back in the time, which made it hard for people from the middle class to have balustrades in their house. But, in this era, anybody can have them installed in their houses by using the glass balustrade service.

But by the tenth century, both marble and wooden balustrades could be found in private gardens. The tops, or heads, of balustrades from this period, were very pointed by point, portraying themes of monsters or flying phoenixes flying in the midst of mists. Others included pomegranates and lotus blooms, which could likewise be found in the patio nurseries.

The Renaissance

From the Renaissance time frame forward, established stone balustrades were famous, and include balusters that were short stems with a math device (square section), a base, and it is possible that a couple of knobs with rings, alongside curved (cavetto) and raised (ovolo) moldings in the middle.

Getting Clients to Sign Up For Your Coaching Sessions

If you are someone that regularly holds coaching sessions and classes, you understand that clients will not automatically flock to you. In fact, you are the one that has to attract the clients towards yourself because coaching classes can be expensive, and no person is willing to spend the extra money unless they know they will be getting an experience that is their money’s worth.

You will only have an introductory session to appeal to everyone around you, and if you are good enough, you will get a few clients to sign up, however, if you fail to appeal to the audience, then you will not be getting anyone to sign up with you. Now, if you happen to be struggling in this introduction where you are supposed to be attracting clients, then you might need to hone your skills as well. In fact, you can check this website in order to take classes or coaching from another experienced coach. There is nothing really wrong with taking advice or making use of another coach’s lessons and techniques, because as long as you maintain your own originality, and then incorporate some aspects of other successful coach’s training sessions and introductory classes, then you will be able to attract more clients as well.

You only have a few minutes to appeal to your audience when you are holding your introductory class, because people usually end up forming an impression from the first few minutes, and they can then zone you out, so, in order to make sure that they form a positive impression of you from the start, you need to improve your own charm, and then hone your own interpersonal skills, and stage presence, which will automatically make people slowly gravitate towards you.

How to Get Your Business to Stick Out?

One way to get your business to stick out is by giving it a catchy brand name that amuses all kinds of people of all kinds of ages. Once that is in place you need to advertise that brand name by using various marketing techniques. One of those techniques is, using business presents that have the brand name printed on them. This is one of the most popular ways to get acknowledgement for your business. Various items can be used as business presents and a few of the best promotional products are listed below:

Clothes:

Businesses have always used clothing items like tee shirts, hats, jackets, hoodies, etc. to advertise their brand name. Business can also make personalized uniforms for their employees as this will advertise the brand name outside of the business as well.

Bags:

Bags are considered as one of the best promotional products as they have a huge printing space i.e. it can be printed on both sides which give the brand name the maximum exposure.

Plastic Products:

Items like keyrings, wristbands, mobile covers, pens, etc. are also used as promotional products because these are used on a regular basis and the recipient will most likely keep them which will give the brand name even more exposure. This is also the most cost effective way as all you have to do is select items that match your brand name. After that, you print your brand name on them, hence, enhancing the acknowledgement of the business even more.

Using promotional products is one of the most cost effective ways of advertising your brand name. These items will be carried around by the recipient as all of these are helpful items that are used on a regular basis and are cheap.

A Promise

The purchase of a massage chair, the addition of it to your home, the thought may have crossed your mind at some point and of course the more money you decide to put into a massage chair, the more you’ll get out of it. Some massage chairs are fully bodied meaning they can do every part that might be hurting, others don’t have the option of massage your head for instance. The best thing about getting a massage is that it is an incredibly relaxing way of also staying healthy. If we can get the best massage chair in massage therapy then we won’t really need to have to make so many appointments with a masseuse.

There are many symptoms that can be alleviated with a good massage from one of these chairs. Exhaustion and fatigue are commonly known and heard of reasons for one to get a massage, but these are just the physical factors that could be included. Mental stress merits a need to take a time out as well. Back pain in particular is notorious and an uncomfortable situation to be in but with a massage chair in your home, you won’t have a lot of problems with it anyways.

Any other part of your body is just as likely to start hurting as well. Back pain is common, but sometimes you just want someone to rub your head cause it’s hurting like hell but no one is available at home or just plainly, no one wants to put in the effort for that. The relief of this tension can be euphoric sometimes when you can get it at a time you know you never would have been able to without the presence of your comforting massage chair. We all deserve a break every now and then.

Commonly Made Mistakes to Avoid During Physical Therapy Sessions

While going to a physical therapist there are a bunch of things that you need to take into consideration. However, no one really talks about the things that people shouldn’t do or avoid while they are in the middle of the session. So the next time you are going for your session, we would recommend that you be more vocal and do not make the same mistakes that people before you have made while in physical therapy. The whole job of having a physical therapist is to help you in getting back to your normal functioning, help you in alleviating pain and other discomforts that you may face on a daily basis. With that being said, here are some of the most commonly made mistakes people make while they are in the middle of their physical therapy session in order to read more about this, check it out below.

Not Telling Your Therapist About The Pains

You need to tell your therapist about the amount of pain you can handle. Of course exercising the limbs that haven’t been moving normally will hurt you but if you feel like the pain is a little too much for you, you need to make sure that your therapist is aware of that beforehand then. Otherwise they may end up stretching your limb more than it needed to and it could worsen your condition.

Not Being Honest

Another thing you need to do while your history is being taken is to make sure that you are very honest about your habits. If you are then your physical therapy session will go smoothly without any problems for you otherwise you will be stuck in loop of lies.

What to Look For in a Compact Refrigerator

If you are someone who is living alone or someone who is looking to save as much electricity as they want, then investing in a compact refrigerator is a great idea as compared to going for a full-fledged option. Sure, there are a few downsides to a smaller freezer, but ultimately, it all boils down to how it is going to be used. If the usage is limited, then there is no need to buy a large freezer, because you can do just fine with a compact one.

You can even go for best compact refrigerator freezer combo available in the market. This way, you will get an all-rounding solution for your refrigerator needs. If you are thinking about buying a compact option, then there are a few things that you must consider before you go ahead.

The Size

Even the compact options are available in a number of different sizes, so whenever you are in the market looking for a compact refrigerator, always consider the size options beforehand. This will allow you to make the right purchase without any issue, and your overall experience will go much smoother as well. Although the size differences are there, they are not huge, so you would be good to go.

Proper Storage

Another important thing that you need to consider when going for something like a compact refrigerator is the availability of proper storage. Make sure that whatever refrigerator you are buying has all the compartments you need, and the size is as per your requirements. Neither too small nor too large. This will help you a lot in buying the right refrigerator with ease. So, this is something that is a must whenever you are going for such a product because you want to have your experience smooth and without any hiccups.

Petroliana Auctions

Petroliana items have gained popularity over the years. There are many platforms where you can buy petroliana items, you can even buy them on eBay. There are auctions held for petroliana items as well. Let’s have a look at the Route 32 Auction company.

Route 32 Auctions

In Crawfordsville Indiana, there is a home-run company called the Route 32 Auctions. The company specializes in antique items related to petroliana and automobilia that are rarely found anywhere else. As the name implies they hold auctions and in order to increase their audience as much as possible they provide online, phone and on-site bidding. Kevin Parker is the owner of Route 32 Auctions.

They have a variety of petroliana items that include gas pumps, neon signs, oil cans, road maps, and gas pump globes.

Gas Pumps

Gas pumps were first invented 130 years ago by S.F. Bowser and now they are the foundation of petroliana devotee collection. A fun fact about gas pumps is that they were invented before the invention of automobiles.

Neon Signs

In the early days, neon signs were used by oil and gas companies to advertise their product and to compete with other brands and display their supremacy. The brand logo was also cemented on these signs.

Oil Cans

Oil cans have a special place in the hearts of petroliana collectors. Without these oil cans, a petroliana collection would always be considered deficient.

Road Maps

Roadmaps have been in use for the longest time even before the invention of automobiles. Even with the invention of GPS and digital maps, the admiration for the paper road maps has not been diminished in the hearts of automobilia and petroliana collectors.

Gas Pump Globes

Besides oil cans, no other gas station memento holds as much nostalgia of the golden age of gasoline as much as gas pump globes. They are popular among collectors as they are rare and distinct and beautiful to look at.

How to Hire a Licensed Electrician For Your Home?

Electrical wiring can malfunction at any given time without any prior notice which not only disrupts your daily routine because of high dependence upon electricity but it can also lead fire hazards. Hiring licensed contractors in your area can ensure that the wiring and circuit board placed in your house are working fine and there are no defects in their mechanism. The potential electrician you are planning to hire should be familiar with the type of work at hand so that they can come up with permanent solutions to the problems rather than just treating them temporarily.

When looking for a reliable residential electrician in your neighborhood make sure to refer to the reviews and recommendations by past clients who have received services from them. These first-hand references are highly accurate and can help you make an informed decision. Make sure there is no miscommunication or barriers between the two parties before the agreement as that can lead to further complications before the completion of the project. Even if an electrician is highly skilled in their field of work, you can’t expect to get desired solutions from them if you are not able to convey your message clearly to them. If you want to get reliable tips about hiring professional experts that provide cost-effective services, then make sure to refer to the webpage at http://www.tidyhouse.info/3-tips-to-hiring-an-electrician-on-a-budget-2194/ now.

Never consider hiring unlicensed professionals because you can’t expect to get a refund or compensation if you are not able to provide their license number or certification in the court. Certified electricians also have spent the initial year of their job as an apprentice that enables them to broaden their spectrum about the field. This way you would be able to satisfy your electrical needs with a certain budget.

Metal Kards Are Superior

If you live your life as part of the corporate world then how often do you get handed some business cards? You might meet someone while having your morning coffee and end the conversation with a handshake and an exchange of cards. You might have a client walk into your office and take a card on the way out, without specifying whether they intend on reaching out to you for business later or if they’re just taking one in courtesy.

The point being; at this point, the exchange of business cards has become such a routine thing that it’s hard to tell if someone really means business when they take one. This begs the question; what happens to your cards once you hand them out to potential clients and business partners? Do your cards survive long enough to make it to someone’s address book? There’s no way of telling unless you use Metal Kards. Here’s why Metal Kards are superior.

They’re Waterproof

It’s very likely that someone might forget your card in their pants pocket and by the time they realize this, your card will have been washed to a pulp already. If your card’s made out of metal, then for obvious reasons, no amount of laundry can destroy it.

They’re More Premium

Have you ever tossed someone’s card after you received it in courtesy? Well, if you have then remembered that the same could happen to your own cards. This is once instance of karma that you can avoid by having your cards made out of a thin sheet of metal with a premium finish. No one in their right mind is going to want to throw a metal card away. They might just keep it because of how pretty it is.

Reiki: Benefits That You Need to Know About Today!

Reiki therapy keeps growing more popular by proving to be tremendously effective in the self-care culture. It can easily be said that this type of a physical therapy is the perfect blend of simple relaxing techniques and more than effective results.

So what makes Reiki so unique? Well, overall, the therapy is client centred, i.e. the needs, wishes and demands of the client are put above any other factor during the therapy. Secondly, through the feedback of majority of the Americans who have got this treatment, it can be derived that the results of this therapy are promising and long lasting.

Reiki creates a comfort-zone first in the physical world of the client, during the session and then later, through the transfer of energy, the comfort-zone is well extended towards the emotional and mental state of the client which leaves them feeling relaxed and stress-free.

While there are numerous of clinics, hospitals and local professionals who offer this therapy, Reiki at Molly Coeling has the most striking client feedback in the context of satisfaction and relaxation. Molly Coeling, an American professional, is the best at realizing the needs of her clients and putting forward the best experience for them. She creates an aura of deep comfort, relaxation and then carries it through till towards the end of the sessions.

The therapeutic methods, while effective, should not be considered as an alternate to medical treatment by the client but should rather be realized as a aid to the healing process of the illness that they are undergoing. The common illness in which Reiki is used for the healing process are cancer, depression, emotional stress, anxiety, chronic illnesses, infertility, autism, etc. Reiki targets the stress factor and aims for the overall well-being of the client.

Important Tips For Managers

The word manager is often tossed around without actually realizing what it means. To a lot of people, being a manager basically means getting promoted. They often don’t know what being a manager actually entails. The fact of the matter is that managers often need to handle things that other people might not be able to. There are a lot of different tricks that you need to apply if you want your career as a manager to work out.

The first thing you need to do is get organized. Don’t be afraid to download 30+ employee write up form template to find the right one. This is part of the process, but also make sure you don’t take too long deciding. Focus on all aspects of being a manager but don’t overinflate the importance of certain minor things. This is going to distract from the big stuff that is a great deal more important.

Another thing that you need to do is assign work effectively. For this to happen, you need to know your employees as well as possible. Each employee is going to need a different kind of approach from you, and they are all going to have their individual skills. If you assign work according to their skills you will definitely end up ensuring that they work to the best of their abilities.

As a manager, you are tasked with bringing the best out of your employees. It is important that you learn how to do that. It is similarly important for you to learn how to let your employees fail once in a while. No one is perfect and we all learn from our mistakes. Giving your employees this space will help them become a lot better at their jobs.

Reasons You Should Go For Laser Hair Removal

There are countless hair removal procedures that are available in the market. The right thing here would be to choose the perfect method that you can find. However, many people are unaware of this, and they just go for whatever they can easily find, or afford.

One of the best techniques is laser procedures that results in really smooth skin, and hair not growing that rapidly. Albeit it is expensive, the good news is that it is painless, and extremely effective. You can find the best laser hair removal in Calgary without any issues whatsoever.

In this article, I will be talking about some of the reasons why you should go for laser hair removal. So, let’s not waste time and have a look.

You Are Looking For Something Painless

If you are looking for something painless, then laser hair removal procedure is the best. This is one of those procedures that prevents you from feeling any pain. Sure, you might feel a bit of sting, but that is about it, and in all the cases, it works without any after pain either. So, that is why this is becoming more and more popular.

You Want It to Last Long

If you don’t like hair growing after a few weeks of the procedure, then opting for laser procedure is great because the procedure lasts a long time before you need another one. It slows down the growth of the hair exponentially. So, it is really good for people who are thinking about getting this procedure, and for those who do not want to go for the same procedure again and again, because not only it costs money, but it can also be a nuisance.

The Thing You Need to Know About Ketogenic Diet

If you are keeping up with all the trends in the dieting world, then it is safe to say that you have heard about ketogenic diet. For those who haven’t, it is one of the most effective diets out there, and you do not really have to cut down on a lot of tasty food either. However, you will have to make changes to your diet.

You can check out more information here about ketogenic diets, and I can assure you that this type of diet is something that is really great, and works wonderfully. What I will advise you here is to read up about this diet before you go ahead and start considering it.

In this article, I am touching some of the basic things about this diet to keep you up to date.

It Really Works

There have been a lot of articles and debates on the internet that ketogenic diets don’t really work. However, that is not entirely true because these diets do work. However, the reason why people say that they don’t work is because many of them are misinformed, and that is never a good idea. So, I would suggest that you do your research beforehand.

You Will Have to Alter Your Diet

Another important thing that you need to know is that when you are going for keto diet, you will have to alter the diet you are already taking. Thankfully, the alteration is not as swear, and you will still be able to enjoy most of the meals, but the ingredients will be different. Most of the food you will be eating will contain butter, so this is one important aspect that you must know whenever you are considering keto diet.

Things to Consider When Going to an Orthodontist

If you are going to an orthodontist, you are certainly making the right decision because they happen to be experts when it comes to giving you the confidence to smile again. However, the thing that you need to know about orthodontist is that there are a few things that you need to consider beforehand. This will make your process much easier, and you will not feel like you are dealing with something that you have no idea about.

You can click here if you are looking for more information. However, right now, we are strictly going to focus on some of the things that you should consider before going to an orthodontist. This will help you have the proper understanding, and you will not find yourself in a rut.

Type of Braces You Want

Not many people are aware of this but there are a number of different braces available at orthodontists. Many people are more accustomed to the traditional type of braces that are largely available, but it is better to know that you have a few different types. It is better to consider these things beforehand, so you can ask your orthodontist if they are offering you the braces you want.

Type of Procedure You Want

Another thing that you need to know is that orthodontists provide more than just one type of procedure. As a matter of fact, they offer a number of different procedures, and it is best if you just consider it beforehand, because it will make your entire job much easier. When you know what you are willing to go for, it becomes much, much simpler as well.

Not just for you, but for the orthodontist as well.